Jerrold J. Ellner, MD, is Professor and Chief of Infectious Diseases at Boston University School of Medicine and Boston Medical Center. He has studied the immunopathogenesis of TB and TB in HIV through research collaborations in Uganda and Brazil. His research group was the first to show that TB accelerated the course of HIV infection by activating viral replication in latently infected cells. He was one of the principal architects of the Uganda-Case Western Reserve University Research Collaboration, a founding member of the Academic Alliance for AIDS Prevention and Care in Africa which developed the Infectious Diseases Institute at Makerere University, and the founding director of the TB Research Unit at Case Western Reserve University. He currently is PI of the TB - Clinical Diagnostics Research Consortium (CDRC), which studies new diagnostics in TB endemic countries (Brazil, China, Kenya, South Africa, South Korea, and Uganda), the TB Research Unit on Paucibacillary TB (South Africa, Brazil), RePORT India Collaboration with JIPMER in Pondicherry, and RePORT South Africa. Dr. Ellner has authored more than 300 research publications on TB and has trained a number of current academic leaders in infectious diseases.